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Wodehouse on women: Bachelors Anonymous

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honoria plum

My personal quest is the search for a life inspired by the literature of P.G Wodehouse. Plumtopia celebrates this quest with other Wodehouse fans.

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Bachelors_anonymous_1st_us_edition_wodehouseLast week, I began a series exploring ‘Wodehouse on Women’ in response to criticism of Indian Summer of an Uncle by Janet Cameron. In Part 1, I opened the case for the defence by demonstrating that Wodehouse did not specifically exclude women as complex characters in his work. One Wodehouse expert has added further evidence, noting that several Wodehouse novels featured well-developed female central characters. The Adventures of Sally (1922) is a good example.

Today, I address the next item on the charge sheet.

‘Men are portrayed as being in league against women’

Cameron writes: ‘the male characters (are shown as) victims who support each other as if repelling an unwelcome, alien force’ and that the ‘need to exclude women even overcomes class-consciousness.’ In order to respond to this, a short summary of Indian Summer of an Uncle (1930) is required.

The storyline

Bertie Wooster‘s Uncle George is ‘a prominent London clubman’ of advanced years and even more advanced waistline: ‘tailors measure him just for the sake of the exercise.’  He spends his life gorging at table and boring anyone who’ll listen with complaints about the lining of his stomach or (especially after a few drinks) a barmaid he once loved. At the beginning of the story, Uncle George announces his intention of marrying a young waitress, Miss Rhoda Platt.

Bertie thinks Uncle George is behaving like an ‘old fathead’ over a young girl, but he has no particular objection to the girl’s social position. Bertie’s only thought is to escape London before his Aunt Agatha – a notorious snob – hears of it and attempts to involve him in breaking off the affair . He is too late however, and Agatha sends him off, most unwillingly, to offer the girl money to ‘release’ Uncle George.

When this scheme fails, Bertie consents to a more subtle plan proposed by Jeeves (whose friend is also in love with the young girl) to introduce Uncle George to the young woman’s Aunt Maudie. Mrs Wilberforce is a large, jovial woman who plans to live with her niece when she is married. Jeeves suggests that Uncle George’s resolve might weaken when he meets this woman, who is definitely ‘of the people’. However, when Bertie orchestrates the meeting, he learns that Aunt Maudie is the barmaid who Uncle George loved and lost in his youth – a fact already known to Jeeves (but withheld from Bertie).

An affecting reunion takes place.

‘Maudie, you don’t look a day older, dash it!’

‘Nor do you, Piggy.’

‘How have you been all these years?’

‘Pretty well. The lining of my stomach isn’t all it should be.’

‘Good Gad! You don’t say so? I have trouble with the lining of my stomach.’

‘It’s a sort of heavy feeling after meals.’

I get a sort of heavy feeling after meals. What are you trying for it?’

When Uncle George and Aunt Maudie become engaged, Bertie is (rightly) annoyed to discover that this was Jeeves’ plan all along. But for the reader, the union between Uncle George and Aunt Maudie is a satisfying end. Far from brooding on the engagement, Bertie’s primary concern is to escape the metropolis before his Aunt Agatha finds out.

Treasons, stratagems, and spoils.

Indian Summer of an Uncle, like most Wodehouse stories, is tangled with plots and sub-plots. The complexity of his plots is one reason why he needed to sketch his characters so lightly and make use of stereotypes. His characters are frequently drawn into league with other characters, not always willingly, with an ambitious and eclectic array of personal motives.

In this story, the following characters work ‘in league’ at some point:

  • Bertie reluctantly colludes with Aunt Agatha to undermine Uncle George – Aunt Agatha’s plan to bribe Rhoda Platt to ‘release’ Uncle George (without his knowledge) parodies popular romantic fiction of the era. It would have been unpleasant for Miss Platt, but she would at least have some choice in the matter -unlike Uncle George.
  • Bertie and Jeeves work in league to end Uncle George’s engagement – While they collude to end Uncle George’s attachment, theirs is not an open and honest partnership. Jeeves hides critical facts from Bertie when he proposes the scheme that will reunite Uncle George with his old flame, Mrs Wilberforce.
  • Bertie and Jeeves unite to escape Aunt Agatha – They conspire to leave town as quickly as possible, before Bertie is asked to intervene in Uncle George’s new engagement.

The charge of men ‘working in league’ is therefore partly correct, but most of the collusion in this story occurs at the expense of besotted Uncle George. But there is never a suggestion that Bertie and Jeeves are acting to save George from the clutches of a female or the state of marriage on principle. For that particular storyline, we must turn to Bachelors Anonymous.

‘…for many years I have belonged to a little circle whose members have decided that the celibate life is best. We call ourselves Bachelors Anonymous… When one of us feels the urge to take a woman out to dinner becoming too strong for him, he seeks the other members of the circle and tells them of his craving, and they reason with him. He pleads that just one dinner cannot do him any harm, but they know what one dinner can lead to. They point out the inevitable results of that first downward step. Once yield to temptation, they say, and dinner will be followed by further dinners, lunches for two and tete-a-tetes in dimly lit boudoirs, until in morning-coat and sponge-bag trousers he stands cowering beside his bride at the alter rails, racked with regret and remorse when it is too late.”

Bachelors Anonymous (1973)

If you’re looking for male characters who plot against women purely on misogynistic principle, the book you want is Bachelors Anonymous; it’s stuffed to the gills with male ‘victims’ banding together to thwart the romantic attachments of their comrades. But it would take a stern and humourless critic to object to Bachelors Anonymous on these grounds, when Wodehouse is clearly poking fun at these men and their sentiments. Later, one of the Bachelors complains:

‘Have you ever considered what marriage means? I do not refer to the ghastly ordeal of the actual service, with its bishops and assistant clergy, its bridesmaids and the influx of all the relations you have been trying to avoid for years, but to what comes after… From what you were saying about the dimple on this girl’s left cheek I gather that she is not without physical allure, but can she drive a car? Somebody has got to drive the car and do the shopping while you are playing golf. Somebody has got to be able to fix a flat tyre… Like so many young men… you have allowed yourself to be ensnared by a pretty face, never asking yourself if the person you are hoping to marry is capable of making out your income tax return and can be relied on to shovel snow while you are curled up beside the fire with a novel of suspense.’

Wodehouse’s misogynist-bachelors are just as ridiculous as the other extremists in his wide cast of characters that includes amateur dictators, snobbish peers, communists, business executives, golfers, Bishop, serious poets – not forgetting the gang of Aunts. By the end of Bachelors Anonymous, his chief Bachelor has seen the light, and espouses just as fanatically on the joys of marriage.

Elsewhere in the world of Wodehouse, men and women can frequently be found plotting and scheming together in harmony, thwarting the machinations of appalling villains of both sexes.   In Piccadilly Jim (1917),  Jimmy Crocker and Ann Chester conspire to kidnap the revolting Ogden Ford. In Leave it Psmith (1923) Psmith unites with Eve Halliday to outwit Rupert Baxter (and a cunning male-female crime duo) to steal Lady Constance’s necklace.

It is true that Wodehouse’s men often collude against women, but the reasons are usually complex and plot driven. There are men who are portrayed as victims of women, and in the Jeeves stories the need to ‘save’ chums from marriage (to particular females) is a recurring plot device. But Bertie also helps friends – male and female – towards marriage – and is supportive of his female friends and relatives. As someone who has read Wodehouse widely, I feel qualified to say there is no pattern of male characters specifically excluding and working against females.

I feel satisfied that we can dismiss this second charge.

HP

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10 Comments

  1. novelreading says:

    What ho! I’ve just discovered your blog and love it! Full of lovely touches (not least of all the “Egg, Bean & Crumpet counter”!) I’ve added a link to this site from my own humble book blog (http://novelreading.wordpress.com).
    Whilst I read a lot, I’m ashamed to say I’ve never sampled one of Mr P. G. Wodehouse’s offerings. Most remiss of me, I know. (I loved the Stephen Fry and Hugh Laurie television series of Jeeves & Wooster though, so no doubt I’d enjoy the books.)
    Keep up the good work, Tom.

  2. honoria plum says:

    Gosh, Tom. This is exceptionally kind of you – you’ve quite made my day. I am sure you’d enjoy Wodehouse too. I’ve been discovering your blog and I love quite a few of your Top 50. You have excellent taste.

  3. […] Wodehouse on women: Bachelors Anonymous (honoriaplum.wordpress.com) […]

  4. fretfulporpentine73 says:

    You say that in “Indian Summer of an Uncle” Bertie doesn’t benefit from Jeeves’ plan to switch Uncle George’s matrimonial intentions from Rhoda to Maudie. But it may be rather that Bertie simply never realises that he is in fact the *main* beneficiary of the scheme. Jeeves’ level of manipulation is often far higher than Bertie ever sees (as illustrated clearly in “Bertie Changes His Mind”, for one example.) In our present story, Bertie’s Uncle George is Lord Yaxley. Wodehouse never clarifies the sitch, but Bertie is probably the next in line for the title, assuming Uncle George produces no male heirs. And Jeeves’ plan just happens to get George paired off with an older woman instead of one of childbearing age. Coincidence? I find Jeeves’ unspoken machinations to be some of the funniest of all of Wodehouse’s jokes. BTW, I just found your blog. I’m enjoying it very much. Ta! — fretfulporpentine73 (and a shout out to all 72 of my con-specifics.)

    • honoria plum says:

      What Ho, Fretful P!
      An interesting point about Bertie being the next Lord Yaxley. It makes sense, although it is never mentioned to my knowledge. As Bertie already seems to have a goodish pile, it doesn’t seem to be a critical issue to him, but people like Jeeves and Aunt Agatha would certainly be mindful of it.
      So pleased to have you drop by. I have been doing some exploring around the UK this summer and haven’t had much opportunity to update the page, but I have more things to add soon.

      • fretfulporpentine73 says:

        OMG, you are so right. It’s Jeeves who would want Bertie to be titled, not Bertie. That bally devious rascal. And have fun on your explorations, old fruit. Looking forward to the updates.

  5. honoria plum says:

    I dare say Bertie would cope with the title without complaint, but the pressure to marry a female of his Aunt’s choosing would be unbearable. Also, I wonder if the Glossops, the Wickhams, the Stokers and the Bassetts would have been so quick to look upon him with jaundiced eyes had been the obvious heir apparent.

    • fretfulporpentine73 says:

      Good points all. Though most of the paters involved are pretty set in their enmity and may mistrust him title or no.

  6. Very soundly reasoned. I find it extremely tiresome that many people simply can’t see past the fact that it’s (mostly) set amongst the upper classes: all objectivity goes out of the window, even amongst academics who really should know better.

    Yet another well-written piece.

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